Answer: Quoting from a Dictionary


F.A.Q. #8

Dear Mr. Radford,

I want to quote the definition of the word “didaktik” from a German dictionary that wasn’t written by any one person. How do I do that? The name of the dictionary is Duden – Das Fremdwörterbuch. The publisher is Dudenverlag and the dictionary was published in 2006.

Thanks for your help.

Rebecca A.


Answer

I found some information regarding this book:


Duden, das Fremdwörterbuch: auf der Grundlage der neuen amtlichen Rechtschreibregeln; [unentbehrlich für das Verstehen und den Gebrauch fremder Wörter ; über 55 000 Fremdwörter mit über 400 000 Angaben zu Bedeutung, Aussprache, Grammatik, Herkunft, Schreibvarianten und Worttrennungen] / hrsg. von der Dudenredaktion.

9, aktualisierte Aufl.

Mannheim; Leipzig; Wien; Zürich: Dudenverl. 2007. 1104 S.

(Der Duden in 12 Bänden; 0005)

8. Aufl. u.d.T.: Duden, Fremdwörterbuch

ISBN 3-411-04059-9/978-3-411-04059-9


Now, after quoting the definition of the word “didaktik”, you must not forget to include a footnote number: this number must always be included before the period, never after, and must ideally appear at the end of your quote.

Regarding the footnote itself, here’s how it should appear:

1 Dudenredaktion, Duden, das Fremdwörterbuch : auf der Grundlage der neuen amtlichen Rechtschreibregeln, Mannheim: Dudenverlag, 2007, [+ page(s) of the book where the definition was found].

You must indicate where the definition was found in the book.  If the definition was found in « seiten » 54, 55 and 56, the footnote would look like this:

1 Dudenredaktion, Duden, das Fremdwörterbuch : auf der Grundlage der neuen amtlichen Rechtschreibregeln, Mannheim: Dudenverlag, 2007, s. 54-56.

Now, for the bibliography (which must be added at the end of your paper), your reference should look like this:

Dudenredaktion.  Duden, das Fremdwörterbuch : auf der Grundlage der neuen amtlichen Rechtschreibregeln.  Mannheim: Dudenverlag, 2007. 1104 S.

Since we do not know the name of the author(s), we will use Dudenredaktion as the official “author”.  There are some differences between footnotes and bibliography references: in a footnote, we use commas and a single period at the end of the footnote; in a bibliography reference, we use a period after the name of the author and after the title, then we indicate the name of the city where the book was edited, we use a colon and we indicate the editor’s name, we use a comma, we indicate the year the book was published and we use another period.

We finally indicate the book’s total number of pages (“S.” is for seiten in German; “p.” for pages in English and in French) and we end it all with a final period.




 


Citing a Book Written by Numerous Authors

Citing the Back Cover of a Book

Endnotes’ Procedure and Number of References

Footnote for a Foreword

Footnote Regarding an Expert Author’s Paragraph

Footnotes and Copyright Protected Documents

Footnotes and Direct References

Footnotes and Official Letters

Footnotes and Punctuation Marks

Footnoting a Citation from a Translated Book

Numbering and Continuation of Footnotes

Positioning of the Number

Proper Reference for the Transcription of a Conference

Proper Use of the Ibid. Terminology

Quoting a Book’s Section Written by a Single Author

Quoting from a Dictionary

Quoting from a Website

Reference for a Scholar’s Lecture

Reference for an Essay Published in a Book with Many Authors

Referencing Photos and Pictures

Two Footnotes in a Single Sentence

Using a Source More Than Once



Author : Robert Radford, M.A. © MMXIX.