Answer: Positioning of the Number

F.A.Q. #1

I understand how to write the footnote page but, in my paper, where do I write the number?  For example:

“Predictions about which students will do better academically or socially in which setting are highly fallible (6)”.

Does the (6) go after the period or before?

Thank you for your help.



The number must always be included before the period, never after, and must ideally appear at the end of your statement.

Here is an example :

The international comparisons present the main statistical indicators of more than 230 countries and territories, grouped by theme: population and income, labour force and prices, gross domestic product, international trade and investments, education and communication, health”1.

 1 Institut de la statistique, Gouvernement du Québec.  December 3, 2003. <>.


Citing a Book Written by Numerous Authors

Citing the Back Cover of a Book

Endnotes’ Procedure and Number of References

Footnote for a Foreword

Footnote Regarding an Expert Author’s Paragraph

Footnotes and Copyright Protected Documents

Footnotes and Direct References

Footnotes and Official Letters

Footnotes and Punctuation Marks

Footnoting a Citation from a Translated Book

Numbering and Continuation of Footnotes

Positioning of the Number

Proper Reference for the Transcription of a Conference

Proper Use of the Ibid. Terminology

Quoting a Book’s Section Written by a Single Author

Quoting from a Dictionary

Quoting from a Website

Reference for a Scholar’s Lecture

Reference for an Essay Published in a Book with Many Authors

Referencing Photos and Pictures

Two Footnotes in a Single Sentence

Using a Source More Than Once

Author : Robert Radford, M.A. © MMXIX.