Answer: Endnotes’ Procedure and Number of References

F.A.Q. #18

I am writing memoirs of World War II events. The first draft of the book is about 200 pages long.  This is my first experience writing a book.

Presently I have a total of seven endnotes in the six chapters of the book. I have assigned a number to each endnote and placed the endnote number in superscript position at the end of the sentence where the endnote is applicable.  Because I have only 200 pages, I have placed all the endnotes at the end of the book in numerical order, as they appear in the book. For each endnote, I have listed the author, title, city where the book was published, publisher’s name, year of publication and total number of pages, or the specific pages I use for my references.

In some cases the endnotes refer to specific pages in a book or publication. In other cases the endnote references the entire book or publication.

My questions are:

1. Am I following the correct procedure?

2. If not, can you advise regarding the correct procedure for citing such a small number of references?



Using endnotes instead of footnotes is acceptable. You placed your endnotes at the end of your book, which is excellent. You could also include endnotes at the end of each section of your book. It’s up to you. The only disadvantage of using endnotes instead of footnotes is that the reader will have to flip back and forth between the page he’s reading and the endnotes’ section of the book if he wants to know where you got the information. On the other hand, using endnotes makes a book look more as a novel and less as a historical essay. Depends on what you want your book to be: a novel, an essay, a thesis… It also depends on what type of readers your book is being written for: nascent readers could be scared of reading a book which would include footnotes at the end of several pages, whereas academics and historians are fond of such footnotes. Appearance is of the essence, as much as substance. I personally prefer footnotes.

One thing to remember though: the endnote must mention the source’s specific page(s) where the information was found. Hence, you must not include the source’s total number of pages in a footnote/endnote. It’s only in the bibliography section of your book that you’ll specify each reference’s total number of pages (i.e.: for a book, it could be “256 p.” but for a review article, it would appear as “pp. 15-35”).

Regarding the number of references included to your book, remember to include an endnote only when required and don’t worry about the total number of reference notes. Do not add any unnecessary notes but do not cut any if they are required. History is a science and we must respect a proper methodology… endnotes’ included.


Citing a Book Written by Numerous Authors

Citing the Back Cover of a Book

Endnotes’ Procedure and Number of References

Footnote for a Foreword

Footnote Regarding an Expert Author’s Paragraph

Footnotes and Copyright Protected Documents

Footnotes and Direct References

Footnotes and Official Letters

Footnotes and Punctuation Marks

Footnoting a Citation from a Translated Book

Numbering and Continuation of Footnotes

Positioning of the Number

Proper Reference for the Transcription of a Conference

Proper Use of the Ibid. Terminology

Quoting a Book’s Section Written by a Single Author

Quoting from a Dictionary

Quoting from a Website

Reference for a Scholar’s Lecture

Reference for an Essay Published in a Book with Many Authors

Referencing Photos and Pictures

Two Footnotes in a Single Sentence

Using a Source More Than Once


Author : Robert Radford, M.A. © MMXIX.