– Education, Methodology, Social Sciences and Technology
Citation Style


Updated on / dernière mise à jour : 12/09/2023

The American Psychological Association (APA) citation style was first developed in 1929 as a way to standardize scientific writing and ensure that sources were credited properly. Over the years, the APA citation style has evolved and adapted to meet the changing needs of academic and scientific communities, and it remains one of the most widely used citation styles in the social sciences today.

One of the key features of the APA citation style is its use of in-text citations, which provide brief information about the sources used in a paper and allow readers to locate the full citations in the reference list at the end of the paper. APA citation format typically includes the author's name, publication date, and page numbers, along with any other relevant information such as the title of the source or the name of the publication.

The reference list provides full information about each source cited in the paper. This reference list should be organized alphabetically by the author's last name, and it should include all sources cited in the text of the paper, including books, journal articles, websites, and other types of sources.

Overall, the APA citation style is a critical tool for students, researchers, and professionals in the social sciences, as it provides a clear and consistent way to credit sources and communicate ideas effectively. Whether you are writing a research paper, a thesis, or a professional article, understanding and using the APA citation style is essential to success in your academic and professional career.

Example (bibliography)


Brown, D. (2001). Deception Point. New York: Atria Books. 384 p.


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